Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that is practised to repair injuries that have occurred in the joints, by making two or three small cuts in the skin, through which a camera is inserted to obtain a direct vision from the field of intervention and the necessary surgical instruments.
Initially, a saline solution is insufflated into the knee in order to give volume to the knee and thus facilitate manipulation with the used instruments until the end of the intervention, at which time all the liquid is removed. It can be carried out using local, spinal or total anaesthesia, depending on the type of intervention and the characteristics of each patient.
When is knee arthroscopy indicated?
-Cruciate ligament rupture, both anterior and posterior.
-Synovial membrane rupture.
-Certain bone fractures.
-Baker’s cyst: A fluid-filled cyst that causes a bulge and a feeling of tightness behind your knee.
-Removing small pieces of broken cartilage.
In most cases, this type of surgery is ambulatory and usually does not require more than 24-48 hours of hospitalisation.
In addition to the risks inherent in anaesthesia and those of any surgical intervention (infection and bleeding from the wound), knee arthroscopy has others that are its own, such as the possibility that some part of the joint may be damaged (cartilage, menisci or ligaments), that a blood clot forms inside it, that a blood vessel rupture occurs or that after having performed it, the knee stiffness occurs.
What happens after knee arthroscopy?
After arthroscopy, the patient is put on a compression bandage on the knee and it is possible that it is recommended to use crutches during the first days, or longer if the injury has been severe and it has been necessary to reconstruct some part of the knee. In the simplest procedures, the application of cold to the joint and early mobilization are usually recommended through a series of exercises that are indicated to the patient before leaving the hospital.
The total recovery time will depend on the type of injury and its severity, from just a few days to several weeks or even months. Physical therapy and electrostimulation are part of the rehabilitation process.
At Harley Street Hospital, we have some of the best specialists to perform knee arthroscopy. Book an appointment to get a checkup.
You might also want to read: Osteoarthritis of Knee