Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive treatment that can repair fractures in the spine caused by osteoporosis, cancer or benign lesions. During the procedure, orthopedic balloons are used to gently elevate the fractured vertebra in an attempt to return to the correct position. The bone cement is injected to stabilize the fracture. Kyphoplasty with a balloon takes up to one hour per level of fracture treated. The patient could be admitted in the hospital or the procedure might be performed on an outpatient basis, depending on your general health status as determined by your doctor.
In a clinical study, balloon kyphoplasty was shown to be more effective than non-surgical care for the treatment of acute vertebral compression fractures. Patients treated with balloon kyphoplasty had a faster and greater improvement in the relief of back pain, back function and quality of life in the month following surgery. The benefits of balloon kyphoplasty remained on average over 12 months. The general frequency of patients with collateral events did not differ between balloon kyphoplasty and non-surgical groups.
-3 times greater pain reduction one week after the procedure. And pain reduction maintained in a long term.
-4 times the higher quality of life one month after the procedure. Quality of life advantage remained after 2 years.
-5 more days out of bed in the first month and over 120 days out of bed in the first 2 years after the procedure.
Patients generally experience relief of fracture pain in the spine a week after the procedure. Your doctor will probably schedule a follow-up visit and explain the limitations, if any, on physical activity. Most patients return to their usual activity within a few days.
In order to reduce morbidity, and achieve In addition to improving pain, a better quality of life, partially restoring the sagittal alignment and normal vertebral body height, the technique of percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty was developed, carried out and developed for the first time in 1998, as a technique indicated in fractures/crushing of the vertebral body.
Also, when a patient is diagnosed with a vertebral fracture originated by osteoporosis, balloon kyphoplasty procedure can be performed.
It has recently been established the ability of kyphoplasty to recover vertebral height and improve spinal alignment:
– Vertebral structural reinforcement technique.
– Stabilising technique by causing the decrease of macro and micromobility in the focus of vertebral somatic fracture.
– Analgesic technique due to the toxic and thermal neurolytic effect during cement polymerization.
The good results and the evolution of the surgical technique have made this procedure to extend to new therapeutic indications, such as certain metastatic, osteoporotic and traumatic vertebral fractures. The latter has caused that this technique is performed now in younger patients.
Before the procedure is performed, a proper medical examination must be done and diagnostic studies like X-rays are necessary to establish the exact area of the fracture.
Balloon kyphoplasty can be carried out under local or general anesthesia; your doctor will determine which option is the most convenient for you.
The aforementioned procedure requires approximately 20 minutes per treated fracture. It can be accomplished with an inpatient or outpatient regimen, determined by many factors. After the intervention, the patient will be directed to the recovery room to be under observation for 1 hour.
At Harley Street Hospital, we have recognized surgeons who are qualified to perform this or similar procedures. Book a consultation to get a specialist´s opinion.